To minimize the risk of Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF)
- Detail design for the Imja Lake lowering through controlled drainage system was completed during 2015, which has been the guiding document for the construction works for Imja Lake lowering. The Imja Lake, located at an altitude of 5010 meters in Solukhumbu district, is among six glacial lakes at most immediate risk of bursting.
- After the unsuccessful bidding of construction works in 2015, Project explored the feasibility of involving Nepal Army in lake lowering works as ‘Plan B’. The Cabinet meeting of Government of Nepal on 16th February 2016, endorsed the plan to involve NA for the lake lowering work. A Letter of Agreement (LoA) with Engineer Department, Nepal Army was signed on 25th March 2016, to materialize the Cabinet decision.Preparatory works for construction began from April, 2016.
- Construction activities for Imja Lake lowering has been completed and water level of Imja Lake lowered by 3.4 meters through an artificial open channel during October, 2016.
- Hydromet and GLOF Sensors in the periphery of Imja Lake have been installed and operationalized including automated early warning sirens in six prime settlements in the downstream of Imja Dudh Koshi River Corridor i.e Dengboche, Pangboche, Fungithanka, Jorsalle, Fakding & Ghat.
- 18 Community Based Early Warning System (CBEWS) comprising of manual gauges, sirens and hand mikes have been provided to local taskforces along 50 km downstream of Imja, Dudh Koshi River corridor.
- 15 evacuation centers comprising of schools, monasteries and open spaces have been strengthened with drinking water and sanitation facilitates.
- A GLOF Risk Management Coordination Committee (GRMCC) comprising of 19 members has been formed at Namche, as an apex body to communicate GLOF warnings to the vulnerable people and to the DHM, Ministry of Home Affairs and National Emergency Operation Center via District Disaster Relief Committee.
- 12 Taskforces comprising of Early Warning, Light Search & Rescue and First Aid sub groups have been formed, capacitated, equipped and operationalized in 12 high risk settlements. A total of 132 members mostly youths and women have been engaged as task force members.
- 20 Local Resource Persons (LRPs) developed on GLOF risk management and are being mobilized.
- 3 trainings on First Aid, Light Search and Rescue, and CBEWS conducted for capacity building of taskforce members and LRPs.
- 19 Mock drill events on GLOF risk management have been conducted for local communities, Taskforce members and LRPs for enhancing their capacity on response and recovery.
- Taskforces have been equipped with LSAR, FA and CBEWS equipment as part of GLOF risk management.
Communication, Awareness and Outreach
- An information center has been established in Sagarmatha National Park office to disseminate GLOF related audio-visual information to visitors.
- Prototypes for Smart Card-based Visitors’ Information Management System (SCVIMS) and Mobile Apps have been developed. Plan to launch the Smart Card in SNP as a pilot test is underway. SCVIMS will maintain the digital database of visitors & disseminate weather related information.
- Information & awareness materials such as (flyers, brochures, stickers, posters, hoarding boards) produced and widely disseminated.
- GLOF related information via local FM stations in Nepali & Sherpa dialects have been aired on a regular basis.
To minimize the risk of Flash Floods from Churia Originating Rivers:
- Project has constructed 6.9 km embankment with gabion and bioengineering works; 6.4 km of Flood Proofing Drainage System, and 35 elevated tube wells in Mahottari, Siraha, Saptari and Udaypur districts.
- Sediment trap measures have been constructed in Kurung Khola, a small tributary of Ratu Upstream in Tulsi VDC-6, Dhanusha.
- Community Based Early Warning Systems (CBEWS) have been operationalized at 15 locations along five targeted river basins. 3 Community Based Flood Early Warning System (CBFEWS) have been operationalized in Ratu River Basin.
- 3 Safe Evacuation Centers have been constructed in Siraha and Mahottari districts.
- 8 Village level Disaster Risk Management Committees (VDRMCs) and 35 Community Level Disaster Risk Management Committees (CDMCs) have been formed, capacitated and made operational in eight targeted VDCs, comprising of 557 members. About 38% of the key positions such as chairperson, secretary and treasurer in these committees are held by women.
- 78 Taskforces comprising of First Aid (FA), Light Search and Rescue (LSAR) and Early Warning System encompassing 312 members have been formed, capacitated and made operational in the project areas.
- Project has developed a Sediment Monitoring Protocols (SMP), which illustrates the approach and methodologies for collection and analysis of sediment data for Churia range originating rivers.
- 50 Officials trained on ‘Sediment monitoring and Flood Hazard modeling’ as part of the national technical capacity enhancement of collaborating partners.
- 15 Sediment Monitoring posts and nine Sediment Monitoring buckets have been installed in the targeted five river basins as part of the regular sediment monitoring. Runoff samplings are being collected regularly by 15 local volunteer gauge readers from 15 different locations of targeted river basins.
- 20 Trainings on FA and LSAR have been conducted for Taskforce members, to enhance their knowledge on Flood risk management.
- 16 Trainings on Operation and Maintenance of ETWs and Implementation & Management of Structural and Non-structural Measures have been conducted for VDRMCs/CDMCs members.
- 4 trainings on Flood Risk Management (FRM) for VDC and District Level officials have been organized to enhance their skills and knowledge on flood risk management.
- Four Exposure Visits undertaken for VDRMCs/CDMCs members to enhance their knowledge on CBEWSs and upstream downstream linkage.
- 33 Mock drill events on FRM undertaken for local communities, CDMC/VDRMC and Taskforce members for enhancing capacity during flood events.
- 33 Street drama demonstration organized as a part of awareness building measures on flood risk reduction.
Communication, Awareness and Outreach
- Flood risk reduction messages in the form of Jingles are being aired through local FM radio Stations during the monsoon period.
- Information & awareness materials such as (approach papers, flyers, hoarding boards, audio video materials) have been produced and widely disseminated to targeted audience.