The risk of GLOF has been increasing as a result of global warming and consequent melting of snow and ice, retreat of glaciers and expansion of existing glacial lakes, and emergence of new glacial lakes. Imja Glacial Lake was identified as high priority lakes needing immediate attention of GLOF risk reduction. The possible extensive damage is expected to occur along the entire length of the Imja Khola/Dudh Koshi valleys within 50 km. There are 5 VDCs namely Namche, Khumjung, Chaurikharka, Taksinda and Jubing which are located within 50 km distance downstream Imja Lake joining with Dudh Koshi River. This study delineatedflood depth/velocity taking reference from previous hydrological modeling results as well as cross sectional survey performed in 37 selected location... Read More
GLOF events have become potentially hazardous to many settlements in the Himalayan Region due to rapid de-glaciation. In recent years, Imja Tsho has received a lot of attention from scholars due to its projected probability of breach. Two major tributaries, the Lohtse Shar Galcier and the north-eastern Imja Glacier terminate at Imja Glacier Lake. Studies have stated that the lake has an average rate of retreat of 59m annually which implies the lake is growing at the rate of about 0.2 km2 per leading to concern over the risk of catastrophic GLOF event. This proposal is aimed to conduct requirement analysis for establishment of early warning system for Imja GLOF. The project is aimed to reduce human and property losses... Read More
Community Based Flood and Glacial Lake Outburst Risk Reduction Project (CFGORRP) is a joint program undertaking of the Government of Nepal (GoN), Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the United Nations Development Programee (UNDP). The project is being implemented by the Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM) under the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment (MoSTE) as the lead Implementing Agency. The project has two components: component I focuses on the GLOF risk reduction from Imja Lake and the Component II is about the flood risk management in four Terai districts through structural and non-structural measures, preparedness activities, capacity building etc. CFGORRP under component II has an objective to reduce human and material losses from recurrent flooding events in four flood... Read More
Of all the natural disasters that are accounted for in Nepal, floodings pose the biggest risk especially in the Terai, south of Nepal. These lowlands, which serve as natural low points of a much larger Himalayan drainage system, are prone to flooding and inundation each year during the heavy monsoonal rainfall. Many of the poor communities that live in the high flood zones of these rivers are vulnerable to flood disasters each year. One of the major threats is to access to drinking water sources, which are either obliterated or inaccessible during the flood. In the Terai region, the problem is further exacerbated due to gender and caste inequality, which makes difficulties in equal access to safe drinking water supply... Read More
Glacial lake outburst flood accompanying the huge amount of sediments from moraines not only causes morphological changes along the river channel but also results the loss of life and properties at very great distances from the outburst source to downstream.Altogether 21 GLOF events with large scale damages have been experienced in Nepal. The risk of GLOF has been increasing as a result of global warming and consequent melting of snow and ice, retreat of glaciers and expansion of existing glacial lakes, and emergence of new glacial lakes. The probability of loss/damage can be substantially reduced and the resilience/restoration capacity can be enhanced through different interventions. Imja Glacial Lake was identified as high priority lakes needing immediate attention of GLOF risk... Read More
Community-Based Flood and Glacial Lake Outburst Risk Reduction Project (CFGORRP), aims to reduce the human and material losses from GLOFs in Solukhumbu District and catastrophic flooding events in the Terai and Churia Range through community-based EWSs (CBEWSs). The project covers 11 VDCs of five river basins of five project districts. This study requires supplementary information and data to identify the available knowledge base and constraints for the successful implementation of community based early warning systems (CBEWSs). A detailed socio-economic and technical study with effective analysis will serve as a comprehensive review of CBEWS. Similarly, specific local needs and constraints are to be identified for the implementation of CBEWSs in up- and downstream communities. The main objectives of this study are... Read More
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