Approach Paper Community Based Flood and Glacial Lake Outburst Risk Reduction Project
Community Based Flood and Glacial Lake Outburst Risk Reduction Project (CFGORRP) is a joint undertaking of the Government of Nepal (GoN), Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The project is being implemented by the Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM) under the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment (MoSTE) as the lead Implementing Agency. Department of Water Induced Disaster Prevention (DWIDP), Department of Soil Conservation and Watershed Management (DSCWM) and Department of National Park and Wildlife Conservation (DNPWC) are the three collaborating partners of the project.
The CFGORRP has two outcomes: The First Outcome: Component I focusses on the Imja Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF) risk reduction in Solukhumbu (covering Chaurikharka, Namche and Khumjung VDCs) and the Second Outcome: Component II is aimed at reducing the flood risk in Terai and Churia covering 8 Village Development Committees (VDCs) namely Sarpallo and Nainhi in Ratu (in Mahottari district), Tulsipur and Pipra Pra Pi in Gagan (in Siraha district), Dighwa and Pakari in Khando (in Saptari district) and Hadiya and Jogidaha in Triyuga Watersheds (in Udayapur district).
Since the project focuses on the implementation of flood and GLOF risk reduction measures through community participation, it requires a strong blend of technical and social information of the given area. Technical studies primarily include technical database collection and management of topography, geology, hydrology for hazard mapping, and finally engineering design of the proposed interventions. A Technical Advisor Group (TAG) consisting of nationally reputed professionals covering the areas of GLOF and flood has been formed for providing technical guidance. On the other hand, social studies include collection of social baseline data, vulnerability and risk assessment in relation to flood and GLOF hazards. This approach paper provides a brief description of the different technical and social studies undertaken and for rolling out activities under the two project components.